All You Need To Know About Gestational Diabetes
The gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes mellitus) is a form of diabetes, which is diagnosed during pregnancy.
The development of gestational diabetes during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes. Due to the pregnancy hormone, it can cause hormone level changes and they can sometimes block insulin, which controls the body’s glucose level.
The placenta is also affected by the different mechanism of sugar metabolism: antibodies, both of which inhibit the formation of insulin, on the other hand, directly degrade the insulin itself. These effects are due to an overall increase in insulin resistance , or blood sugar lowering effect of insulin waning.
Women are at risk of having gestational diabetes when they are around 30 years of age, has obesity, a family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes during pregnancy, gave birth to a child weighing more than 4000 grams, unexplained intrauterine death, recurrent miscarriages, gestational hypertension, recurrent urinary tract infections
The attainment of desirable body weight, keeping a balanced diet and adequate exercise during pregnancy is all we can do to reduce the risk of the disease.
The Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus:
Fortunately, having gestational diabetes is not life threatening and symptoms are usually mild.
- Some women experience blurred vision
- Fatigue is also common
- Those that has GDS also experience frequent infections of the bladder, vagina, and skin
- Increased thirst is also a symptom same as the symptom of those affected by Diabetes
- Increased urination
- Some women experience nausea and vomiting even after the first trimester
- Weight loss can occur despite increased appetite
Gestational Diabetes can also affect the fetus. Without proper treatment, the fetus may not develop at the right pace as it should, and may incur various disorders, including heart and lungs. Sometimes, the fetus can become too big which would complicate normal delivery.
[box type="important"]However, if the glucose level of the mother is controlled with appropriate treatment, the chance of fetal complications is very small. Therefore, it is very important that pregnant women regularly take part in the prenatal check ups, and take the tests required for any treatment that may be instructed by the doctor.[/box]
THINGS TO DO if you have gestational diabetes:
- In-order control blood sugar levels during pregnancy please talk to your physician/ health care provider on how to monitor them effectively in different situations and make a note of it.
- Don’t forget to get tested for diabetes 6-12 weeks after the delivery and 1-2 years there after.
- Plan before hand and be well prepared with the best available health insurance plans available.
- Research showed that children who are breastfed are less likely to get diabetes in their adulthood.
- Please speak to your health care provider/family physician at least 4-5 months prior, if you are planning for pregnancy again.
Hope the above information on Gestational diabetes will help you live better without any problems. Further if you need any more help please comment below… we will surely help you in giving the best advice possible !