A new study has shown that intestinal bacteria can be key contributor to the development of type 2 diabetes. The findings were based on a collaborative study from researchers in China and Denmark. The findings of this study are a key breakthrough as health professionals continue to look for new ways to identify patients’ risks of developing type 2 diabetes. The new research can also give patients an idea how they can reduce their risks of developing diabetes by promoting intestinal health.
The research is part of the emerging field of metagenomics, where researchers study material obtained directly from the environment. Researchers studied the gut bacteria of nearly 350 Chinese patients suffering from type 2 diabetes. They found that the patients’ intestines were inflamed. Their intestines resembled those of someone in the early stages of gastroenteritis.
The study shows that gut bacteria can be an important indicator of the risk of developing diabetes among Asian patients. However, those results may or may not be applicable to Europeans and Americans. Additional studies will need to be conducted to determine whether or not Westerners at high risk of developing diabetes will also have symptoms of gastroenteritis or other pathogens in their intestinal tract.
[box type="note"]The results of the study are already consistent with previous studies that showed an apparent relationship between intestinal health and the development of type 2 diabetes. However, researchers can’t state conclusively whether or not abnormal intestinal bacteria leads to the development of diabetes.[/box]
The researchers in Copenhagen are considering conducting additional tests on patients with type 2 diabetes in Denmark. They are going to be planting gut bacteria in patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes into mice. They will observe whether or not those mice develop a condition that resembles type 2 diabetes. The results of those studies may help researchers develop more effective procedures for diagnosing diabetes in the early stages when health professionals can still halt or slow its progression.
The presence of harmful bacteria in the intestinal tract creates a number of health concerns for any patient. These patients will be resistant to many different types of medication and lower the effectiveness of their immune system.
The patients also had lower levels of a form of bacteria known for developing butyrate. Butyrates help keep colon cells strong and healthy, which is essential to promoting overall digestive health.
[box type="important"]European researchers have been studying the entire human genome and hope to identify genes that could predict the development of a number of different diseases. They hope that future advances in metagenomics will help them identify warning signs of diabetes and other harmful conditions. The new collaborative effort with their colleagues in Beijing may be one of their biggest breakthroughs yet.[/box]
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