Sexually transmitted diseases, also commonly called STDs, can affect pregnant women and also cause harm to the unborn baby. STDs are infections that are transferred from person to person through sexual intercourse. Pregnant women are not immune to STDs and it is important that they receive medical attention and information about STDs. When you attend your first prenatal visit, your doctor will more than likely screen you for any potential STDs. This is to document whether or not you have one so that proper recourse can be taken to protect you and the baby. Throughout your pregnancy, you will be tested again about half way through your pregnancy for STDs to assure the doctors whether or not STDs are prevalent. If you think you have contracted an STD throughout your pregnancy, it is important to speak with your doctor and get screened to make sure.
There are different STDs that can be contracted and some can be cured and others cannot. Here is a list of some sexually transmitted diseases:
- Genital warts
It is important to know and also recognize the symptoms of STDs in case you feel you may have come into contact with one. Knowing the symptoms will help you watch out and recognize the first signs and be able to receive immediate attention.
- Weight loss
- Painful urination and intercourse
- Bumps, sores, and also warts on the genital areas or mouth
- Severe itching
- Jaundice, aches, fever, chills
- Discharge from the genital area, usually with a foul odor
STDs affect your pregnancy in many different ways and fast treatment is the only way to protect yourself and also baby. When baby is born, he or she may be born with the STD. This happens because the baby contracts it from the mother during birth or through the placenta while in the uterus.
Each STD affects the baby and also your pregnancy in a different way. Certain STDs are treatable and others are not which means that you will have to still receive treatment after your pregnancy; baby may need treatments as well.
Genital Warts â€“ Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted disease and usually appear as bumps or warts on the skin in the genital region. Treatment for genital warts cannot take place until after the baby is born. The baby can contract them during the birthing process.Â However, It can be treated with green tea. It was in November 2006 when FDA approved an ointment with an active ingredient of green tea extract as treatment for genital warts. See here for more information about green tea as treatment for genital warts.
Herpes â€“ Herpes is not a great cause for concern in pregnant women until it is time to deliver the baby. Herpes is highly contagious and if there are open herpes or bumps near the delivery region, the baby can catch the disease while being born.
Chlamydia â€“ This is another common STD and is important to catch as soon as it is contracted. Chlamydia can cause miscarriage and also preterm deliveries.
HIV/AIDS â€“ The transmission of the HIV virus can be prevented in pregnant women. It is important to receive treatment right away. It is possible to pass the disease on and baby will contract HIV in these instances.
Gonorrhea â€“ This is another common STD and can be found in pregnant women. Treatment is important as Gonorrhea can cause miscarriage and also preterm delivery.
Remember that it is important to make sure you are screened for STDs during your pregnancy and that you receive proper treatment to prevent the disease from being transferred to baby. Always use protection when having intercourse to protect yourself and also your unborn baby. Doctors are able to treat STDs through medications however, sometimes the disease can still be passed on. Make sure that you are aware of the symptoms and know what to look for in case you are concerned you may have contracted the disease.