Researchers from Barcelona, Spain published the results of a recent prospective cohort study in the journal, Clinical Cardiology .
The study included 932 randomly selected patients without heart failure from a registered population of 35.275.Â The patients themselves ranged in age from 35-84 and were followed for a duration of 10 years.
The study authors found that there was a 3.1% difference in heart failure incidence between obese and non obese subjects.Â When the researchers adjusted their data for variables including:Â age, sex, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and diabetes mellitus, they found that the results were similar.Â In fact, those patients with obesity (BMI >30) had 2.45 x the risk of incident heart failure compared to non obese.
Whatâ€™s more is that the researchers found that the population attributable risk for HF due to obesity was 43%.Â This basically means that there would be a 43% lower incidence of heart failure if obesity didnâ€™t exist in the population studied.
In contrast, being merely overweight (BMI 25-30) was not associated with heart failure in any of the models.
Given that many of us have overindulged during the holiday season, I hope Iâ€™m not making anyone feel guilty.Â However, itâ€™s important to connect the consequences of our behaviour in order to make positive changes for the New Year!
- Baena-DÃez JM, Byram AO, Grau M, GÃ³mez-FernÃ¡ndez C, Vidal-Solsona M, Ledesma-Ulloa G, GonzÃ¡lez-Casafont I, Vasquez-Lazo J, Subirana I, Schroder H. Obesity is an independent risk factor for heart failure: zona franca cohort study. Clin Cardiol. 2010 Dec;33(12):760-4. doi: 10.1002/clc.20837.
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