Physical therapy is the blending of exercises with physiology and applying these rules to the body pains when an injury occurs. Physical therapy for back pain focuses on the structural arrangement, which gives support to the spine and joints such as tendons, muscles, and ligaments.
It is the best technique to reduce the level of back pain. Medication can help for short term pain relief, while the physical workouts help in the long term to relieve from the pain.
There are many types in physical therapy.Â It is not just excises and stretching techniques.
If you are suffering from chronic injury, it is the best method to reduce those pains. Chronic injuries take more time to develop, pain will come and go but it stays for a long time. Heat therapy relaxes the muscles, which are stiff and sore. It increases the joint motion and also increases the amount of blood circulation to the affected area. Hot wet clothe, warm bathes, heating pads or hot packs are all easy methods to reduce the pain.
It is best used method for an acute injury. An acute injury happens suddenly, you may feel the pain suddenly or within a less time of the injury. Cold therapy can reduce the swelling and pain. It limits the amount of internal bleeding and helps in constructing the new blood vessels. Cold therapy can be done with gel packs, ice cubes, and cold packs.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit:
It is a small device, by using electrodes, it will transfer out an electrical current; those electrodes are placed on the injured area. By doing like this you can avoid the signals of pain from entering to the brain. It releases the endorphins, which helps in reducing the pain.
In this therapy sound waves are used, which are penetrated into the injured area through the skin. These sound waves can heat up the injured area and increase the amount of blood that is coming into that area. The increase in blood can help to draw the nourishment and oxygen to the area and also decreases the toxins or cell waste.
This type of physical therapy is used to relax soreness, reduce pain and swelling, relax tense muscles, and reduce stiffness of the joints. Massage therapy helps in promoting faster healing and also increases the circulation of blood.
To keep the muscles, tendons and ligaments in the back, flexible and strong stretching is very important. It reduces the injury risk and it should be a part of your regular workouts.
Simple exercises such as cycling, swimming or walking can help in strengthening your back and also give fitness to your entire body. Combine active and passive physical therapy along with basic exercises for good results.
Physical therapy after the surgery: Physical therapy not only helps before undergoing the surgery but also it helps in post-surgery. It offers the strengths and stability that help to recover quickly after the surgery.