A prescription for Diabetics and their body

Understanding Diabetes

Diabetes is caused due to the blood sugar imbalance in the body. The blood sugar imbalance can be higher or lower depending on the level of insulin hormone production in the body.

Glucose and Hormone Insulin


The digestion process in our body converts food into nutrients essential for the body. These nutrients provide our bodies with energy. The nutrient that is produced the most is glucose, which is a kind of sugar.

Hormone Insulin

The function of insulin is to pass the glucose to the body cells. Glucose as a nutrient ensures the proper functioning of the body and it is mostly responsible to give us energy.

Production of Hormone Insulin

The inability to produce insulin up to the required level deters the body cells from getting sufficient insulin and in some cases no insulin. The glucose remains in the blood when it is not passed to the body cells. There are two types of diabetes depending on the insulin production capacity of the body.

Types of Diabetes

1. Type1

Body’s pancreas lack the capacity to produce any insulin at all

2. Type 2

Body’s pancreas does not produce the required level of insulin or the body cells stop accepting insulin.

Diabetes and Blood Sugar Levels

Blood sugar levels both low and high cause Diabetes. The blood sugar levels fluctuate in diabetes patients due to their varying lifestyles. Diabetics are required to monitor their day to day life style habits like eating, drinking, sleeping and exercise under strict supervision of the doctors.

Lifestyle and Diabetes

Every individual has different lifestyles; some may eat two meals a day (one heavy and other light) whereas some may prefer eating three meals a day (one heavy and other two light). Some may be heavy drinkers and smokers; others may drink and smoke occasionally. These lifestyle habits are reason enough to make diabetics more or less vulnerable to worsening health conditions.

Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes symptoms for high and low blood sugar may overlap. (The list mentioned below is not exhaustive, it only gives a scenario):

Symptoms for high and low blood sugar levels can be given as follows:

Sr.No. Symptoms for High Blood Sugar Symptoms for Low Blood Sugar
1 Gloomy and easily fatigued conditions Dehydration
2 Excessive perspiration Weak sight
3 Sudden unconsciousness and mood swings Physical weakness
4 Physical weakness Frequent Urination

Doctors Role

Doctors play a significant role in altering the lifestyle habits of Diabetics which considerably help them control blood sugar levels. There is no specific lifestyle for diabetics that can be recommended by doctors. Doctor recommendations vary depending on the blood sugar levels of the diabetic, although some general recommendations can be given.

General Diet Recommendations

1. Carbohydrates

Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich source of carbohydrates; they should be consumed with less of oil and butter. Other food items like bread, dairy foods, and non fat mayonnaise can also be taken in moderation.

2. Protein

Poultry items and sea food is recommended for non-vegetarians and eggetarians. Generally, red meat and high fat dairy items such as cheese and yogurts should be avoided. Although low fat dairy items can be consumed in low quantities.

3. Fats

Dairy and meat products contain fats. It is a good practice to check the label to see the amount of nutrients contained in the food items. Food items with added sugar or excessive quantities of fat should be avoided.

Diabetes and Feet

Diabetes can damage tissues, blood vessels and veins. Tissue and vein damage happens due to cessation of blood flow due to low or no production of insulin in the body. As we have seen earlier that insulin is the only hormone that facilitates the flow of blood to the blood vessels and veins. This means your body limbs and face can get disfigured and swollen to a considerable extent if proper care is not taken. The early symptoms of feet damage are numbness and swelling of tissues. It is very essential to get your feet checked regularly from a doctor and take proper precautions if you get wounded in the feet. The problem area is numbness which prevents early diagnosis of feet swellings. The soreness and blisters on the feet may increase if ignored. In extreme conditions this may lead to bigger hardships like amputation or complete elimination of your leg.

Diabetics Preventive Feet Care for Diabetics

Sr.No. Recommendations Precautions
1 Keep your feet clean Use Luke warm water and mild disinfectant
2 Keep your feet dry especially between the toes Use a soft towel. Use non medicated powder before wearing shoes, socks or stockings.
3 Apply skin creams more so on heels Consult the physician for cracked skin
4 Check your feet every day Consult physician if abnormalities like unexplainable numbness and blister is noticed.
5 Don’t treat thickness, hardness, joint swellings, and disfigurement of feet on your own Don’t use any medication like creams without doctors prescription
6 Cut and file toenails to avoid excessive nail growth File edges of the toenails carefully


Diabetics Footwear care for swollen feet

Sr.No. Recommendations Precautions
1 Always wear foot wear that covers your feet
  • Don’t avoid wearing socks
  • Avoid high heel shoes
2 Go for comfortable shoes
  • Go for custom made shoes depending on availability
  • Buy shoes during end of the day to get an idea if they suit your swollen feet
3 Get accustomed to new shoes Wear shoes for not more than one hour everyday
4 Wear clean shoes and socks everyday Keep 2 pairs of shoes and socks handy
5 Check your shoes and socks before wearing them for small stones or gravels Gravels may cause blisters



Jason Turner writes on behalf of The Foot Specialis - medfoot.com - Podiatry clinic based in San Jose & Milpitas offers foot treatment for various foot problems.

3 thoughts on “A prescription for Diabetics and their body

  • June 19, 2013 at 6:59 pm

    Most of the things mentioned in the post above are obvious to know, but it happens in various cases, basically with the people who are just diagnosed with diabetes that they not know much about this disease and hence require brief help via such informative posts.

  • August 28, 2011 at 7:48 am

    Don´t agree with this post im sorry to say.
    Sugar is going to be the main problem obviously, however the way you dismiss fat in this diet plan is quite amazing.
    Starchy carbohydrates spike insulin levels, fat does not.
    The Paleo diet should be implemented for all diabetics, it is the best insulin regulating diet and it is 100% natural.
    Diabetics on the paleo diet claim that their illness has practically no effect on them anymore.
    A Ketogenic diet is fully sustainable also and is a very valid diet for a diabetic.
    Would love to hear your opinion on this matter.


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